Regulatory Information for Metal Casters
Foundry Sand Regulations
- Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) Information: Solid Waste Utilization. The page contains information on the beneficial reuse process.
- U.S. EPA Report: Beneficial Reuse of Foundry Sand: A Review of State Practices and Regulations [PDF 293KB]. This report outlines existing state beneficial reuse programs, offers case studies examining reuses of foundry sand, provides a scientific characterization of foundry sands, and suggests approaches to encourage increased future reuse (2002).
- AFS-FIRST is an independent non-profit association that is the successor organization to Foundry Industry Recycling States Today (FIRST). The organization exists to educate foundries, end users, government agencies, and other stakeholders about the benefits of using foundry by-products.
- U.S. EPA References: Beneficial uses of Spent Foundry Sands website has references to state programs, the EPA risk assessment report, and frequently asked questions.
The National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs) include major sources and area sources. The MPCA incorporates major source standards into facility permits and enforces the requirements. The Environmental Protection Agency enforces the area source standards. NESHAPs are an additional federal standard beyond an air permit. The MPCA Small Business Environmental Assistance Program (SBEAP) can help most metal casters in Minnesota understand their requirements under these rules.
In the seven county Twin Cities metro area, the counties have authorization to manage hazardous waste through county ordinances. Outside the metro, the MPCA has jurisdiction.